LICE – Tibb-e-Nabawi

LICE

رَبَّنَا اغْفِرْ لَنَا وَلِإِخْوَانِنَا الَّذِينَ سَبَقُونَا بِالْإِيمَانِ وَلَا تَجْعَلْ فِي قُلُوبِنَا غِلًّا لِّلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا رَبَّنَا إِنَّكَ رَؤُوفٌ رَّحِيمٌ

Prophet’s Guidance on treating and removing LICE from the head

فى “الصحيحين” عن كعب بن عُجْرةَ، قال: كان بى أذىً مِن رأسى، فَحُمِلْتُ إلى رسولِ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم والقَمْلُ يَتناثَرُ على وجهى، فقال: “ما كنتُ أَرى الجَهْدَ قد بَلَغَ بِكَ ما أرَى”، وفى رواية: فأمَرَه أن يَحْلِقَ رأسَه، وأن يُطعِمَ فَرقاً بَيْنَ سِتَّةٍ، أو يُهدِىَ شاة، أو يَصُومَ ثلاثةَ أيامٍ

In the Sahihain, it is narrated that Ka’ab bin Ujrah Radi Allaho Anh said, “I was suffering from lice and I was carried to Prophet Muhammad Sallallaho Alaihe Wasallam while lice were falling off on my face, the beloved Prophet said: “I did not realize that your trouble had reached the condition that I see (you in). Prophet Muhammad Sallallaho Alaihe Wasallam then ordered him to have his head shaved and either fast three days or feed six poor persons or slaughter one sheep as a sacrifice”.

Lice appear on the head and body for two reasons, external and internal. The external cause occurs due to uncleanness and impure substances that the skin might carry. The internal reason is caused by rotted substances that the body expels through the skin and then rots due to wetness in the skins pores. The lice appear then (and feed on these rotted substances). Many times, lice appear after one suffers from various illnesses and diseases, because in this ease cleanliness is ignored. In addition, children are the typical victims of lice because they usually play in and deal with wet things and because of their careless nature. This is why Prophet Muhammad Sallallaho Alaihe Wasallam ordered that the heads of the sons of Ja’far Radi Allaho Anh be shaved, as shaving is one of the best cures for lice because it exposes the skin to the sun and allows the harmful moistures under the skin to evaporate. Then, the head should be anointed with the cures that prevent lice from reproducing and kill them.

Shaving occurs for three reasons, as a legal ritual, as an act of innovation and polytheism, and as a cure. The first type is performed during Hajj and Umrah. The second type occurs for other than Allah.

Shaving the head is an act of humility and worship, and this is why it is a ritual that completes the Hajj acts. Imam Shafi’ee even considers shaving the head a cornerstone of Hajj since it entails lowering the sides of the head in humility before the Lord and since it is an honored act of worship. Furthermore, when Arabs wanted to humiliate a captured warrior and then set him free, they would first shave his head. Later on, the teachers of false guidance and evil who seek to acquire the rights of lordship for themselves and whose ministry concentrates on polytheism and innovations came along. Such evil teachers wanted their students to perform the acts of worship for their sake. Consequently, they encouraged their students to shave their heads for their sake, just as they lured them to prostrate before them, calling this act by other than its true name and claiming that it is not prostrating, but merely lowering the head before the teacher. By Allah! What is prostrating for the sake of Allah, if it is not lowering the head before Him?

The evil teachers lured their students to vow to them, repent to them and swear by their names. This is taking such teachers as gods beside Allah. The All Mighty LORD said:

مَا كَانَ لِبَشَرٍ أَن يُؤْتِيَهُ اللهُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحُكْمَ وَالنُّبُوَّةَ ثُمَّ يَقُولَ لِلنَّاسِ كُونُوْا عِبَاداً لِّى مِن دُونِ اللهِ وَلَكِن كُونُواْ رَبَّانِيِّينَ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تُعَلِّمُونَ الْكِتَابَ وَبِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَدْرُسُونَ وَلاَ يَأْمُرُكُمْ أَن تَتَّخِذُواْ الْمَلاَئِكَةَ وَالنَّبِيِّينَ أَرْبَاباً، أَيَأْمُرُكُم بِالْكُفْرِ بَعْدَ إذْ أَنْتُم مُّسْلِمُونَ

“It is not (possible) for any human being to whom Allah Has Given the Book and Al-Hukm (the knowledge and understanding of the laws of religion) and Nubuwwah (Prophet hood) to say to the people: “Be my worshippers rather than Allah’s”. On the contrary (he would say): “Be you Rabbaniyyeen (learned men of religion who practice what they know and preach others), because you are teaching the Book, and you are studying it. Nor would he order you to take angels and Prophets for lords (gods). Would he order you to disbelieve after you have submitted to Allah’s Will ?” (3:79, 80)

Prayer is the highest act of worship. Yet the teachers of false guidance, the so-called scholars and tyrants have divided the acts of prayer between themselves. For instance, the teachers of false guidance chose the highest act in the prayer, prostrating, for themselves. Some so-called scholars have acquired bowing down for themselves. When they meet each other, some of them bow down before the others just as one does while praying to Allah. As for the tyrants, they acquired standing up for themselves. (Free and slave men stand up before the tyrants while the tyrants are sitting down).

The Messenger of Allah (Sallallaho Alaihe Wasallam) has prohibited these three acts for other than Allah. Therefore, committing these prohibited acts is a clear violation of our beloved Prophet’s commands. Our Prophet prohibited prostrating to other than Allah. He said:

لا يَنْبغِى لأَحَدٍ أنْ يَسْجُدَ لأحَدٍ

“No one should prostrate to any other person”.

He criticized Mu’aaz Radi Allaho Anh when he prostrated before him. Since prohibiting prostrating before the creation is clearly indicated in our beloved Prophet’s Sunnah, then those who allow such acts seek to dispute the rights of Allah and His Messenger. Prostrating is one of the essential acts of worship. When the polytheist allows it to the creation, he will be allowing worshipping other than Allah.

Prophet Muhammad Sallallaho Alaihe Wasallam was once asked,

الرَّجُلُ يَلقَى أخاه أَيَنْحَنِى له ؟ قال: “لا”. قيل: أَيَلْتَزِمُه ويُقَبِّلُهُ ؟ قال: “لا”. قيل: أَيُصافِحُه ؟ قال: “نعم”.

“When one sees his brother, should he bow down for him ? He said, “No”. He was asked, “Should he hug and kiss him? He said, “No”. He was asked, should he shake his hand?’ He said, “Yes”.

In addition, bowing down while greeting someone is a type of worship, just as Allah Said:

وَادْخُلُواْ الْبَابَ سُجَّداً

“And enter the gate in prostration”. (Or bowing with humility) (2:58)

Besides, prostrating and entering through the door is not possible at the same time [prostration mentioned in the Verse is bowing down]

Prophet Muhammad Sallallaho Alaihe Wasallam prohibited standing up for someone just as the non-Muslims used to do. He even disallowed this act during the prayer and commanded the Muslims to imitate the leader in the prayer, that if he sits down while praying due to an illness, they all sit behind him although they are healthy. Otherwise, they will be standing while the Imam is sitting down, although their standing is for Allah. How about if standing was for other than Allah ?

The ignorant misguided people have associated others with Allah in the worship, thus prostrating before other than Allah and bowing down for other than Allah. They stand up before the creation, just as they do when they are praying. Furthermore, they swear, vow, shave their heads, sacrifice, perform Tawaaf (circumambulation of an object or person), love, fear, and obey other than Allah, just as they do for Allah and even more. They equate Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, Whom they worship, with the creation. They are the enemies of Allah & His Messenger. They are the ones who will say in Jahannam (The Hell), while arguing with the false deities they were worshipping.

تَاللهِ إن كُنَّا لَفِى ضَلاَلٍ مُبِينٍ إذْ نُسَوِّيكُم بِرَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

“By Allah, we were truly in a manifest error, when we held you (false gods) as equals (in worship) with the Lord of Alameen (mankind, Jinn and all that exists); (26:97, 98)

They are the people, whom Allah Described, when He Said:

وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَتَّخِذُ مِنْ دُونِ اللهِ أَنْدَاداً يُحِبُّونَهُمْ كَحُبِّ اللهِ، وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَشَدُّ حُبّاً للهِ

“And of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allah as rivals (to Allah). They love them as they love Allah. But those who are the believers love Allah more than anything else. (2:165)